Widespread New England immigrant.

Kenelm Philip fnkwp at aurora.alaska.edu
Sun Apr 26 02:13:23 EDT 1998

	_Coenonympha tullia_ used to be confined to Canada on the East
Coast only. Its western forms range down to the SW US states, and east to
the Dakotas, and currently into Minnesota, northern Wisconsin and northern

	If you look through the older field guides, you can follow the
southward progression of _C. tullia_ down the East Coast. Scudder (1889)
[Butterflies of New England...] does not mention it. Klots (1951) has it
in Quebec, Newfoundland, and New Brunswick--but not in New England or
New York. Ehrlich & Ehrlich (1961) say "Recently recorded from extreme
northern New York...". Opler & Krizek (1984) show it in NE Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, northern Massachusetts, and northern New York. They
add that it was first recorded in Maine in 1968. The distribution maps
in Scott (1986) show it down through Connecticut in New England.

	It's interesting that during all the talk about global warming
and some species extending their range to the north, this species has
been quietly working its way south.

							Ken Philip
fnkwp at aurora.alaska.edu

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