butterflies and ants

Kondla, Norbert FOR:EX Norbert.Kondla at gems3.gov.bc.ca
Fri Jan 29 17:18:58 EST 1999

some butterflies, most notably Lycaenids, are well known to need ants for
their survival due to interaction between the ants and the immature stages
of the butterfly (myrmecophily for those comfortable with technical jargon).
Question: can anyone advise with certainty whether or not Apodemia mormo
needs ants?? definitive literature citation or personal observation
preferred. many thx. also if anyone is willing to post or send citations
from the last few years on this topic of buts/ants, that would be wonderful
Norbert Kondla  P.Biol., RPBio.
Forest Ecosystem Specialist, Ministry of Environment
845 Columbia Avenue, Castlegar, British Columbia V1N 1H3
Phone 250-365-8610
Mailto:Norbert.Kondla at gems3.gov.bc.ca

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