Winter Residency Status of Vanessa atalanta

Roger Kuhlman rkuhlman at
Tue Apr 16 23:27:59 EDT 2002

I live in southeast Michigan and I would like to know how Winter
resident status of Vanessa atalanta (Red Admiral) in our area could
be established. Sometimes we get a few Red Admirals early in April
(I also have a March 29 record of one near Toledo Ohio)that appear
on the scene one to two weeks before a major movement of ostensible
migrants occurs. Could these early butterflies be local over-
winterers or is it much more likely they are aberrant early migrants?

Roger Kuhlman
Ann Arbor, Michigan

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