Re: Tenkô in Japanese film - Hayashi ?

Roger Macy macyroger
Sat Aug 25 17:18:14 EDT 2007

Does this count?
In Hayashi fumiko's Ukigomo (Floating Clouds), 1951,  and faithfully adapted by Naruse in 1955, the character Iba who, until this point hasn't shown a single redeeming trait, says (in Lane Dunlop's translation, at Chapter41) to the woman he has previously had a long-term abusive relationship, justifying his new (and very lucrative) 'Great Sunshine Religion':  "Observing the world, you've probably studied the sweet and sour in life.  You probably understand that love and infatuation in men and women are not greatly to be trusted.  Heaven and Hell in this world are a matter of money alone.  I have come to keenly realise the blessedness of money.  I was never so depressed as after as in the interval after the war, but today I am different.  I have felt the necessity to live all out, to make money while I can."

There's a similar speech in the film, although I've no idea how similar Hayashi's Japanese is to that of Naruse/Mizuki.

Hayashi herself was associated with leftist writers in the twenties although had not joined the communist party.  She had then become an embedded war reporter with the army in China, being the first reporter into Nanking, and her reports were enthusiastically reported by the Asahi newspaper.  She was in a good position to observe tenk? and their course-reversions, and Naruse followed her faithfully.
Roger Macy

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Mark D. Roberts" <mroberts37 at>
To: <KineJapan at>
Sent: Saturday, August 25, 2007 11:46 AM
Subject: Tenk? in Japanese film ?

Dear KineJapan members,

Does anybody know of any pre-1960 studio films which address or  
depict tenk? (ideological conversion)?

Thanks much,

M. Roberts=
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