Chris J. Durden drdn at
Wed Nov 6 12:40:07 EST 2002

To me the occurrence of occasional wild hybrids between *V. atalanta* and 
*C. annabella* suggests that they should be considered congeneric and that 
*Cynthia* should be ranked as a weak subgenus of *Vanessa*.
................Chris Durden

At 11:57 AM 11/4/2002 -0800, you wrote:
>Hi Bill et al.,
>Cynthia resurrected by W. D. Field (1971, Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. 84)
>cardui, kershawi, virginiensis, altissima, braziliensis, terpsichore,
>myrinna, annabella, carye
>Vanessa ss. is for atalanta, tameamea, samani, indica, dejeanii
>Bassaris ss. for itea and gonerilla
>Lately, the monophyly of Vanessa + Cynthia + Bassaris  has been
>supported by molecular and morphological cladistic analysis by Nylin et
>al (2001, Biol. J. Linn Soc. 132:441-468), although they do not have an
>opinion on whether the clade should be one genus or three.
>Andy Brower


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